The symptoms that ocur when an alcohol drinker or alcohol addict stops drinking alcohol called alcohol withdrawal syndrome. The sympoms also occur when a person significantly reduces drinking alcholol as well.
A person having alcholol withdrawal syndrome may face both pysical, psychological and emotional symptoms. These symptoms may be mild or heavy, or even life threatening. But no need to worry, there is always cure and help.
They are the of symptoms that usually occur from suddenly stopping taking alcohol if you are an heavy alcohol drinker.
Why Usually? Because, not everyone who stops drinking experience withdrawal symptoms. However most people do they stop drinking suddenly. If you are luck few, then good for you
People who drink daily more than six or more drinks per day and drinking begins at a time in the morning or afternoon are more likely to face the symptoms.
Psychological and Emotional
Between 12 and 24 hours after stopping taking alcohol, some people may experience visual, auditory, or tactile hallucinations which usually end within 48 hours. This condition is called alcoholic hallucination.
Heavy and long time drinking disrupts the brain’s hormones and the brain chemicals that transmit messages between cells.
At first, alcohol initially enhances the effect of the neurotransmitter which produces feelings of relaxation and calm. On the other hand, chronic alcohol consumption eventually suppresses the hormones so that more alcohol is needed to give the desired effects, as known as tolerance.
If you suddenly stop or significantly reduce their alcohol consumption, the neurotransmitters previously suppressed by alcohol are no longer suppressed. They rebound, resulting in a phenomenon known as brain hyperexcitability. So, the effects associated with alcohol withdrawal — anxiety, irritability, agitation, tremors, seizures, and DTs — are the opposite of those associated with alcohol consumption.
The more you drink every day, the more likely you are to develop alcohol withdrawal symptoms when you stop drinking.
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Go to the emergency room or call the local emergency number (such as 911) if seizures, fever, severe confusion, hallucinations, or irregular heartbeats occur.
It’s especially important to see a doctor if you’ve experienced previous alcohol withdrawal episodes or if you have other health conditions such as infections, heart disease, lung disease, or a history of seizures.
You may need inpatient treatment if you don’t have a reliable social network, are pregnant, or have a history of any of the following:
The goals of treatment are threefold:
Prescription drugs of choice include benzodiazepines, such as diazepam (Valium), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), lorazepam (Ativan), and oxazepam (Serax).
Such medications can help control the shakiness, anxiety, and confusion associated with alcohol withdrawal and reduce the risk of withdrawal seizures and DTs. In patients with mild to moderate symptoms, the anticonvulsant drug carbamazepine (Tegretol) may be an effective alternative to benzodiazepines, because it is not sedating and has low potential for abuse.
To help manage withdrawal complications, your doctor may consider adding other drugs to a benzodiazepine.
These may include:
Successful treatment of alcohol withdrawal syndrome doesn’t address the underlying disease of addiction. It should be followed by treatment of alcohol dependence.
Relatively brief outpatient interventions can be effective for alcohol abuse, but more intensive therapy may be required for alcohol dependence. If you have alcohol dependence, your doctor may prescribe other medications to help you stop drinking. He or she also may recommend joining a 12-step group — such as Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous — or staying at a comprehensive treatment facility that offers a combination of a 12-step model, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and family therapy.
People with moderate-to-severe symptoms of alcohol withdrawal may need inpatient treatment at a hospital or other facility that treats alcohol withdrawal. You will be watched closely for hallucinations and other signs of delirium tremens.
Treatment may include:
If you have mild-to-moderate alcohol withdrawal symptoms, you can often be treated in an outpatient setting. You will need someone to commit to staying with you during this process, and who can keep an eye on you. Daily visits to your health care provider are needed until you are stable.
Treatment usually includes:
It is important that the patient goes to a living situation that helps support them in staying sober. Some areas have housing options that provide a supportive environment for those trying to stay sober.
Permanent and life-long abstinence from alcohol is the best treatment for those who have gone through withdrawal.
Detoxification or Detox (alcohol)
Detoxification or detox involves taking a short course of a medicine which helps to prevent withdrawal symptoms when you stop drinking alcohol. The most commonly used medicine for detox is chlordiazepoxide. This is a benzodiazepine medicine.
A common plan is as follows:
How will I feel going through detox?
Some people manage quite easily, whilst others find it more difficult. You can expect to:
The medication used for detox does not make you stop drinking. You need determination to stop. The medication simply helps you to feel better whilst your body readjusts to not having alcohol. Even after the period of detox you may still have some craving for alcohol. So you will still need willpower and coping strategies for when you feel tempted to drink.
You are likely to be prescribed vitamins, particularly vitamin B1 (thiamine), if you are alcohol-dependent – especially during detox. This is because many people who are dependent on alcohol do not eat properly and can lack certain vitamins. A lack of vitamin B1 is the most common. A lack of this vitamin can cause serious brain conditions.
You may be advised to take a medicine for several months to help you keep off alcohol.